13 things to know about Giza Pyramids: A Captivating Journey Through Ancient Egypt

The Great Pyramids of Giza - Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane

The Giza Pyramids, located on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, are one of the most iconic and awe-inspiring ancient structures in the world. A Giza Pyramids tour takes you on a journey through time, allowing you to witness the grandeur and mystery of these ancient wonders.


1. History of the Giza Pyramids

The Giza Pyramids were built during the Old Kingdom period of ancient Egypt, around 4,500 years ago. They were constructed as tombs for the pharaohs, serving as their eternal resting places and symbolizing their power and divine status. The most famous of the pyramids is the Great Pyramid of Giza, built for Pharaoh Khufu.


2. The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest and oldest pyramid in the Giza complex. It stands at a staggering height of 138 meters and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Exploring the interior of the pyramid is an incredible experience, as you marvel at the intricate architecture and learn about the burial rituals of ancient Egyptians.

Sphinx and The Great Pyramids of Giza - Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane
Sphinx and The Great Pyramids of Giza

3. The Sphinx

Adjacent to the pyramids, you’ll find the Great Sphinx of Giza, a massive limestone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a human. The Sphinx is believed to represent the pharaoh Khafre and serves as a guardian of the pyramids. It is a mesmerizing sight and a popular spot for capturing memorable photographs.


4. Other Pyramids in Giza

In addition to the Great Pyramid, the Giza complex is home to two other main pyramids: the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure. While they may not be as large as the Great Pyramid, they still possess their own unique charm and historical significance.


Viva Egypt Travel - Cairo / Giza Pyramids
Cairo / Giza Pyramids

5. Importance of Giza Pyramids

The Giza Pyramids are not only architectural marvels but also hold immense cultural and historical importance. They provide invaluable insights into the ancient Egyptian civilization, their beliefs, and their advanced engineering techniques. The pyramids continue to amaze and intrigue visitors from all around the globe.


6. How to Visit the Giza Pyramids

Visiting the Giza Pyramids is a must-do for any traveler to Egypt. There are several ways to explore the pyramids, including guided tours, self-guided visits, and even camel rides around the complex. Hiring a knowledgeable guide can enhance your experience, as they can provide fascinating historical and cultural information.


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From Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo and Giza with Lunch

7. Best Time to Visit Giza Pyramids

The best time to visit the Giza Pyramids is during the cooler months of autumn (September to November) and spring (March to May). The weather is pleasant, and the crowds are relatively smaller compared to the peak summer season. However, if you can tolerate the heat, visiting during winter or summer can also be rewarding.


8. Tour Options and Packages

Various tour operators offer Giza Pyramids tour packages tailored to different preferences and budgets. These packages often include transportation, a knowledgeable guide, and visits to other nearby attractions such as the Egyptian Museum and the Saqqara Necropolis. It’s advisable to compare different tour options and read reviews before making a booking.


9. Tips for a Great Giza Pyramids Tour

  • Wear comfortable clothing and shoes, as you’ll be doing a fair amount of walking and exploring.
  • Stay hydrated by carrying a water bottle with you, especially during the hot summer months.
  • Don’t forget your sunscreen, hat, and sunglasses to protect yourself from the strong Egyptian sun.
  • Respect the rules and regulations of the site, such as not climbing on the pyramids or touching ancient artifacts.
  • Engage with local guides and vendors to learn more about the rich Egyptian culture and support the local economy.


10. Safety Measures

While Egypt is generally safe for tourists, it’s essential to take necessary precautions during your Giza Pyramids tour. Be aware of your surroundings, avoid isolated areas, and follow the instructions of your guide. It’s also recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and trip cancellations.


11. Nearby Attractions

Apart from the Giza Pyramids, there are several other attractions worth exploring in the vicinity. These include the Egyptian Museum, home to a vast collection of ancient artifacts, and the Saqqara Necropolis, where you can witness the Step Pyramid of Djoser, another remarkable ancient structure. Additionally, you can visit the bustling Khan El Khalili market, known for its vibrant atmosphere and traditional crafts.


Giza Pyramids
Giza Pyramids

12. Local Culture and Cuisine

Join the local culture by trying authentic Egyptian cuisine during your Giza Pyramids tour. Indulge in dishes like koshari, a flavorful mix of rice, lentils, pasta, and tomato sauce, or enjoy a traditional Egyptian breakfast. Don’t forget to try the aromatic Egyptian tea and freshly baked bread.


13. Souvenirs and Shopping

Before leaving the Giza Pyramids area, take the opportunity to shop for unique souvenirs. You’ll find a variety of handicrafts, papyrus art, and Egyptian-themed jewelry. Bargaining is a common practice in local markets, so don’t be afraid to negotiate for a fair price.



A Giza Pyramids tour is a journey into the ancient world, where you can witness the architectural marvels and unravel the mysteries of the past. The grandeur and historical significance of the pyramids make it a must-visit destination for any traveler. Remember to plan your visit, follow safety measures, and enjoy the rich Egyptian culture for a truly unforgettable experience.

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